Simultaneous Acquisition of Distributed Acoustic Sensing VSP with Multi-mode and Single-mode Fiber Optic Cables and 3-Component Geophones at the Aquistore CO2 Storage Site
Authors: T.M. Daley (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) | D. White (Geological Survey of Canada) | D.E. Miller (Silixa LTD) | M. Robertson (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) | B.M. Freifeld (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) | F. Herkenhoff (Chevron) | J. Cocker (Chevron)
Copyright: Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Source: 2014 SEG Annual Meeting, 26-31 October, Denver, Colorado, USA
A baseline 3D VSP survey at the Aquistore CO2 storage site in Saskatchewan served as a technology test for distributed acoustic sensing (DAS). DAS data was acquired as a vertical seismic profile (VSP) on two codeployed fibers, one single-mode (SM) and one multi-mode (MM), simultaneously with a 60-level 3-component wireline geophone array. A 2D grid of explosive shots, used for baseline 4D surface seismic, provided 3D-VSP data from all sensors, while vibroseis sources were used for a single 2D VSP line. The DAS fibers were cemented in place on the outside of the well casing during the original well completion and extend to a depth of ~2.8 km. Initial results indicate good quality data was acquired by all systems with comparable SM and MM results. While DAS recording is itself relatively novel, the use of MM fiber for DAS in any field acquisition is quite new. MM fiber DAS is significant because of the large number of borehole MM fibers deployed for distributed temperature sensing (DTS), implying the potential ability to utilize these existing MM deployments for seismic monitoring and imaging.
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